Samarkand sights

Published on 18-Feb-13 23:34

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Samarkand is located in the Zarafshan valley and is surrounded by the spurs of the Pamir-Alai mountain ranges. Ancient Samarkand was well known in the East as well as in the West. In IV BC Samarkand was called as Marakanda and was one of the centers of culture and commerce in the East. Samarkand is the same age as cradles of human civilization Athens, Rome, Memphis and Alexandria.

•    The end of the 4th c., the beginning of the 3d c. BC invasion of the army of Alexander the Great.
•    328 BC the uprising against Alexander the Great; the town was destroyed.
•    The 4th-3thc. BC scene of struggle between the Selevkids's state against Parfians.
•    The 2nd-3rdcc. BC - the war between Partia and Greek-Bactrian Kingdom.
•    The 1stc. BC the 1stc. AD flowering of trade and culture; reign of Kushan kings.
•    The 8thc. town was conquered by Arabs.
•    The 7th-8thcc. Samarkand was the heart of Sogdiana.
•    720 - 721 Said Khusein conquered the town; conversion of Sogdians to Muslim faith.
•    The 11thc. Samarkand lost fame of leadership in culture and economy; status of capital town was taken by Bukhara.
•    The 1Oth-11thc. Continual uprisings against Bukhara rule; Muhammad Khorezm-shah came to power.
•    1212 uprising against Khorezm-shah.
•    1220 regiments of Chingiz-khan destroyed the town.
•    The 14thc. Tamerlane's troops freed Samarkand Mongols; Samarkand became the capital of the Temurids.
•    The 14th-15thcc. The beginning of intense building of the town during the absolute rule of Tamerlan. The 15thc. The throne was handed over to Ulugbek, Tamerlan's grandson.
•    The 15th-16thcc. Sheibaniy-khan's offence; Samarkand was conquered by nomadic Uzbeks.
•    The end of the 16thcc. The beginning of the process of feuda territorial division caused by economic decadence of Samarkand.
•    1740 during Nodir Shah's attack all the residents were killed; by the end of the 18thc. Murad-shah gradually rebuilt the town.
•    1868 Russian troops occupied "The Holy Town" Samarkand.
•    1929 - 1930 Samarkand was the capital of Uzbek SSR.
•    Samarkand has always been famous as the cultural center and today is considered to be the city of craftsmen and scientists.
•    Historical and architectural monuments of Samarkand
•    The ancient settlement Afrosiyab (the 8thc. BC the 13thc. AD).
•    Observatory of Ulugbek (1428-1429), the foot of the hill Chupan-Ata.
•    The architectural ensemble Shakhi-Zinda.
•    Hazret-Hyzr Mosque (the middle of the 19thc.)
•    Bibi-Khanum Mosque (1399-1404).
•    Madrasse (Muslim school) of Ulugbek (1417-1420).
•    Shir-Dor Madrasseh - (1619-1636).
•    Tillya-Kari Madrasseh (1647-1660).
•    Chorsu, bazaar dome (the end of the 18thc.).
•    Rukhabad Mausoleum (1380s).
•    Ak-Saray Mausoleum (1470s).
•    Gur-Emir Mausoleum (1404).
•    Namazgoh Mosque (17thc.).
•    Ishrat-Khona Mausoleum (1464).
•    Ensemble of Hadji Ahrar - (the 15th-20thcc.).
•    Chupan-Ata Mausoleum (1430-1440s).
•    Hadji Abdi Darun Mazar (holy place of burial) (15th-19thcc.).
•    Burial-vault of Hadji Daniyar (19thc.).