Bukhara sights

Published on 18-Feb-13 23:37

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As mentioned in the Avesta, the holy book of pre Islam era and one of the oldest religions in Central Asia, Bukhara is one of the most ancient Uzbek cities built on the sacred hill in spring by proposals of Zoroastrians. "Bukhara" is derived from the Sanskrit word "Vihara", meaning "temple" For centuries, the city was known as Numizhkat, Madinat-us-Suphia, Madinat-ut-Tudjar, Fakhira.

•    It's assumed that the town was founded in the 13thc. BC during the reign of the Siyavushids who had come to power 980 years before Alexander the Great.
•    The 4thc. BC conquest by Alexander the Great.
•    312 BC establishment of the Selevkids dynasty.
•    The 8thc. AD Bukhara was conquered by Arabs under command of Kuteyba-ibn-Muslim and began growing as cultural, religious, and philosophical center.
•    The 9thc. - Status of the capital of the Samanids state.
•    892 - 907 reign of Ismail Samaniy.
•    The 9thc. - 10thc. Development of handicraft production.
•    961 - 976 reign of the Emir Mansur-ibn-Nuh; Bukhara became the center of writers, scientists, artists; the reign of The Samanids was marked by the flowering of the architecture.
•    999 Bukhara was conquered by Nasr from the dynasty ot the Karakhanids. The 11thc. Bukhara was conquered by Khorezm-shah's brother; the beginning of the Sadrs dynasty.
•    1141 Bukhara was under authority of Kara-Chinese.
•    1241 having suppressed the uprising of craftsmen, Khorezm-shah Mohammed annexed Bukhara to Khorezm.
•    1220 Bukhara conquered by Mongols of Chingiz-khan.
•    The 13thc. Bukhara destroyed and devastated by Mongols.
•    The 14thc. - 15thc. the era of the Temurids.
•    The 16thc. Bukhara became the capital of Bukhara Khanate.
•    The 18thc. Bukhara was conquered by Iranian shah.
•    The end of the 18thc. overcoming the crisis; Bukhara returned to Bukhara Khanate.
•    The beginning of the 19thc. the war for land between Bukhara and Khiva as well as the war between Bukhara and Kokand for possession of Dzhizak, Tashkent, Hodjent.
•    The end of the 11thc. Bukhara got into vassalage for Russia; continual interference of tsarist Russia in domestic and foreign affairs of Bukhara Khanate resulted in complete dominion of tsarist Russia over the Khanate.
•    Reign of the last emirs of Bukhara Khanate:
•    1885 - 1910 the Emir Said Abdullakhid.
•    1910 - 1920 the Emir Said Mir-Alimhan.
•    Since 1924 Bukhara has been the part of Soviet Uzbekistan. Present day Bukhara is a historical and archeological museum under the open sky. Bukhara is approaching the age of 2500.
•    Historical and architectural monuments of Bukhara
•    Ark fortress (11th- 20thcc.).
•    Bala-Hauz ensemble (the beginning of the 18th- 20thcc.).
•    Mausoleum of the Samanids (the 9th-1Othcc.)
•    Chasma-Ayub Mazar (1380 or 1385).
•    Madrasseh of Abdulla-khan (1596/98).
•    Madrasseh of Madariy-khan (1556/57).
•    Balyand Mosque - (the beginning of the 16thc.).
•    Gaukushon Ensemble (Mosque, Minaret, Madrasseh) (16thc.).
•    Hanaka of Zainutdin-Hadji (1555).
•    Pai-Kalyan Ensemble (12th-14thcc.).
•    Labi-Hauz Ensemble (I6th-17thcc.).
•    Kukeldash Madrasseh (1568/69).
•    Hanaka of Nadira-Divan-bigi (1620).
•    Madrasse of Nadira-Divan-bigi (1620).
•    Madrasseh of Ulugbek (1417).
•    Madrasseh of Abdulaziz-khan (1652).
•    Bala-Hauz Mosque (1712).
•    Mausoleum of Saifetdin Boharziy (the second half of the 13th-14thcc.).
•    Mausoleum of Buyan Kulikhan (the second half of the 14thc., 15th or 16thc.).
•    The out-of-town Mosque Namazgoh the (12th- 16thcc.).
•    Hanaka Faizabad (1598/99).
•    Chor-Minor Madrasseh (1807).
•    Bukhara Emir Palace Sitoraiy-Mokhiy-Hosa (the end of the 19thc. - the beginning of the 20thc.).
•    The Jubariy sheikhs family site of burial Chor-Bakr (1563).